Table 1.

Study characteristics including neighborhood and individual-level psychosocial factors

All centersUPennOSUUTMBPa
Population characteristics
 Total population (N)1,4881001081280
 Median TL (kb)b6.4 (4.3–8.3)8.7 (4.2–11.8)6.3 (5.1–7.9)6.3 (4.2–8.3)0.0001
 Median ageb51 (38–63)58 (53–63)30 (26–43)51 (38–64)0.0001
 Male gender (%)41.2100040.10.0001
 Cancer diagnosis (%)15.7100010.5<0.001
 Ever cigarette smokers (%)51.057.442.351.20.08
 Race (%)
  Non-Hispanic white45.689.098.237.8
  African American9.411.01.89.9
  Hispanic45.00052.3<0.001
 Education (%)
  >High school37.072.311.731.8
  High school/GED29.823.723.430.8
  <High school33.24.064.937.4<0.001
 Median total perceived stressc19 (17–22)20 (18–22)22 (19–24)19 (16–22)0.0001
 Median depressive symptomsc6 (1–15)8 (3–13)12 (7–22)5 (0–14)0.0001
Neighborhood factors
 Median NSES index−0.11 (−0.68–0.48)0.80 (0.38–1.11)−0.35 (−0.61 to −0.17)−0.11 (−0.68–0.48)0.0001
 Median population density [population/square (sq) mile]3,857.3 (1,694–5,101)2,305.8 (1,221–5,132)54.9 (40–126)4,405.8 (1,694–5,1010.0001
 Median urban crowding (housing units/sq. mile)1,755.8 (695–1,833)952.8 (455–2,086)24.9 (18.2–53.1)1,755.8 (695–1,833)0.0001
Residential crowding (%)
 Median % households that are crowded (people per room >1)2.6 (0.6–11)0.5 (0–1.0)1.1 (0.4–2.0)3.6 (2.7–11.3)0.0001
Residential stability (%)
 Median % living in the same house for the past year86.7 (78–91)90.3 (87–93)86.9 (82–89)79.0 (79–91)0.0001
Residential mobility (%)
 Median % moved within the same state (not county) as of one year ago2.9 (1.2–2.9)1.7 (0.71–3.3)2.3 (1.4–3.9)2.9 (1.2–2.9)0.02
  • aP values comparing characteristics across each of the three centers using Kruskal–Wallis test or Fisher exact test. Range from low to high for Depression (0–60) and Perceived Stress Scale (0–40).

  • bMedians (IQR for the median).

  • cRange from low to high for Depression (0–60) and Perceived Stress Scale (0–40).