Table 1.

Respondent characteristics by race/ethnicity, California adults ages 50–75 years, CHIS 2003, 2005, 2007, and 2009a

NHWAsianPbChineseJapaneseKoreanFilipinoSouth AsianVietnameseSE/CAMB/OTH/MULTPc
Total unweighted N60,1256,6301,9537411,0729753631,184285
N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)
Age, years<0.0001
 50–6439,126 (72.8)4,501 (70)0.00021,395 (67.9)466 (63)585 (69.1)695 (70.1)264 (70.9)834 (80.1)218 (72)
 65–7520,999 (27.2)2,129 (30)558 (32.1)275 (37)487 (30.9)280 (29.9)99 (29.1)350 (19.9)67 (28)
Sex<0.0001
 Female35,630 (51.7)3,769 (56)<0.00011,112 (53.3)450 (60)649 (59.2)630 (62.8)150 (38.2)579 (52.3)171 (55.7)
 Male24,495 (48.3)2,861 (44)841 (46.7)291 (40)423 (40.8)345 (37.2)213 (61.8)605 (47.7)114 (44.3)
Marital status<0.0001
 Married32,978 (66.9)4,744 (78)<0.00011,463 (82.2)443 (71.2)806 (81.2)650 (73.9)300 (88.4)857 (76.8)193 (72)
 Not married27,147 (33.1)1,886 (22)490 (17.8)298 (28.9)266 (18.8)325 (26.1)63 (11.6)327 (23.3)92 (28)
Education
 ≤HS14,132 (28.3)2,147 (34.3)<0.0001596 (40.1)127 (21.7)414 (45.5)155 (19.1)47 (13.6)708 (67.8)84 (34.1)<0.0001
 Some college18,371 (28.1)1,197 (16.3)318 (14.4)210 (28.1)131 (8.8)206 (18.8)32 (8.1)222 (13.6)65 (23.7)
 ≥College27,622 (43.6)3,286 (49.4)1,039 (45.5)404 (50.2)527 (45.7)614 (62.1)284 (78.2)254 (18.6)136 (42.2)
Language spoken
 English54,923 (90.5)1,356 (19.4)<0.0001354 (14)539 (73.7)43 (4)228 (17.3)59 (15.2)17 (1.6d)82 (26)<0.0001
 English + other4,058 (7.4)2,353 (42.1)630 (30.9)171 (21.6)324 (34.1)567 (65.1)257 (71.9)299 (25.5)90 (35.9)
 Not English1,144 (2.2)2,921 (38.6)969 (55.1)31 (4.7)705 (61.9)180 (17.6)47 (12.9)868 (72.9)113 (38.2)
Immigration status
 Born in US55,630 (91.4)1,136 (14.8)<0.0001338 (13.2)529 (69.9)16 (0.9d)142 (8.6)7 (0.9d)1 (0d)59 (18)<0.0001
 Born outside US4,495 (8.6)5,494 (85.2)1,615 (86.8)212 (30.1)1,056 (99.1)833 (91.4)356 (99.1)1,183 (100)226 (82.1)
Time spent in US
  0%–40%702 (1.6)2,498 (39.2)<0.0001785 (44.7)30 (4.5)465 (45.9)276 (35.8)126 (43.5)738 (60.3)76 (29.2)<0.0001
  41%–60%1,177 (2.3)2,122 (31.9)538 (29.1)72 (9.4)504 (46.3)362 (35.6)157 (42)381 (32.7)101 (36.2)
  61+%58,246 (96.1)2,010 (29)630 (26.1)639 (86.1)103 (7.8)337 (28.5)80 (14.5)65 (7)108 (34.6)
Insurancee
 Uninsured/Medicaid/public8,677 (13.9)2,223 (31.4)<0.0001505 (30.8)74 (10.1)547 (52.4)209 (22.8)62 (22.4)732 (62.1)83 (31.4)<0.0001
 Medicare19,297 (25.3)1,165 (16.8)334 (17.4)245 (31.5)198 (11)186 (17.5)66 (17.8)83 (4.4)40 (16.5)
 Private HMO16,358 (32.3)2,081 (35)709 (33.6)218 (31.3)198 (20.9)412 (44.5)156 (40.4)268 (26.7)104 (35.2)
 Private non-HMO15,778 (28.5)1,151 (16.8)405 (18.2)203 (27.2)129 (15.7)164 (15.2)76 (19.4)99 (6.7)58 (16.9)
No. of physician visits in past year
 None6,076 (10.8)979 (14.3)<0.0001334 (16.8)99 (12.8)165 (21.3)109 (9.2)51 (14.2)178 (16)39 (15.7)<0.0001
 1 visit9,457 (16.2)1,119 (18.2)357 (18.2)138 (16.9)158 (14.5)185 (22.5)62 (19.2)155 (12.7)53 (15.9)
 2–3 visits17,291 (29)1,871 (29.1)535 (26.8)240 (35.8)291 (24.1)302 (30.5)131 (34.5)262 (24.3)92 (36.7)
 >3 visits27,301 (44.1)2,661 (38.5)727 (38.3)264 (34.5)458 (40.2)379 (37.9)119 (32.1)589 (47.1)101 (31.8)
Income
 0%–199% FPL9,485 (13.8)2,368 (32.9)<0.0001650 (37.5)82 (10.6)462 (38.2)231 (23.7)64 (20.6)763 (63.7)100 (39.1)<0.0001
 ≥200% FPL50,640 (86.2)4,262 (67.1)1,303 (62.6)659 (89.4)610 (61.9)744 (76.3)299 (79.4)421 (36.3)185 (60.9)
  • Abbreviations: CAMB, Cambodia; FPL, Federal Poverty Level; HMO, Health Maintenance Organization; NHW, non-Hispanic White; No, number; OTH, other; SE, Southeast; US, United States.

  • aAll percentages are weighted, numbers presented are unweighted.

  • bP value comparing NHW with Asian American (AA; overall).

  • cP value comparing differences across AA subgroups.

  • dUnreliable estimates due to small sample size or relative standard error >30%.

  • eThere were 15 NHW missing insurance, 10 AA missing insurance (1 Japanese, 4 Filipino, 3 South Asian, 2 Vietnamese).