Table 2.

Multinomial logistic regression model comparing current smokers with never and former smokers

Never smokers (vs. current smokers)Former smokers (vs. current smokers)
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Age1.04a (1.02–1.05)1.06a (1.05–1.08)
Gender
 Female (Ref)1.01.0
 Male0.60b (0.43–0.82)1.23 (0.85–1.57)
Education
 ≤High school (Ref)1.01.0
 >High school1.54c (1.10–2.14)1.19 (0.85–1.62)
Income
 <$19,999 (Ref)1.01.0
 $20,000–$39,9991.71c (1.08–2.72)2.03b (1.27–3.24)
 $40,000–$74,9991.95b (1.25–3.05)2.36a (1.50–3.71)
 ≥$75,0004.17a (2.48–7.01)4.13a (2.43–7.01)
Mental health treatment
 None (Ref)1.01.0
 Treatment in last 5 years0.56d0.83 (0.59–1.17)
Alcohol quantity
 None (Ref)1.01.0
 1 drink/d0.66c (0.45–0.97)1.05 (0.71–1.55)
 2 or more drinks/d0.23a (0.15–0.33)0.59b (0.41–0.87)
Physical functioning1.04a (1.02–1.05)1.02b (1.01–1.04)
BMI1.09a (1.06–1.12)1.08a (1.05–1.11)

NOTE: Model χ2(22) = 374.8, P < 0.0001.