Table 2.

Skin cancer prevention recommendations from 4 federal agencies or national organizations in the United States

AgencyRecommendations
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) http://www.epa.gov/sunwise/actionsteps.html
  • Do not burn

  • Avoid sun tanning and tanning beds

  • Generously apply sunscreen with SPF 15 or higher and both UVA and UBV protection

  • Wear protective clothing

  • Seek shade

  • Use extra caution near water, snow, and sand

  • Check the UV index

  • Get vitamin D safely

Centers for Disease Control (CDC) http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/skin/basic_info/prevention.htm
  • Seek shade, especially during midday hours

  • Wear clothing to protect exposed skin

  • Wear a hat with a wide brim to shade the face, head, ears, and neck

  • Wear sunglasses that wrap around and block as close to 100% of both UVA and UVB rays as possible

  • Use sunscreen with sun protective factor (SPF) 15 or higher, and both UVA and UVB protection

  • Avoid indoor tanning

American Academy of Dermatology http://www.aad.org/skin-care-and-safety/skin-cancer-prevention/be-sun-smart
  • Generously apply a broad-spectrum, water-resistant sunscreen with a SPF of 30 or more to all exposed skin

  • Wear protective clothing

  • Seek shade

  • Use extra caution near water, snow, and sand

  • Get vitamin D safely

  • Avoid tanning beds

  • Check your birthday suit on your birthday

American Cancer Society http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/CancerCauses/SunandUVExposure/SkinCancerPreventionandEarlyDetection/skin-cancer-prevention-and-early-detection-u-v-protection
  • Cover up

  • Use sunscreen

  • Wear a hat

  • Wear sunglasses that block UV rays

  • Limit direct sun exposure during midday

  • Avoid tanning beds and sunlamps

  • Protect children from the sun

  • Get vitamin D through diet and vitamin supplements