Table 2.

RRs and 95% CIs of endometrial cancer by total sucrose intake and high-sugar food consumption among women in the Swedish Mammography Cohort

Food itemsNo of casesPerson-yearsAge-adjusted RR (95% CI)aMultivariable RR (95% CI)b
1987 diet (baseline)729
Total sucrose, g/d
 ≤15112203,2131.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
 16–25248342,7931.35 (1.08–1.69)1.50 (1.19–1.89)
 26–35158239,4951.23 (0.96–1.57)1.41 (1.09–1.83)
 ≥36211338,4311.16 (0.92–1.46)1.36 (1.04–1.77)
Sweet buns and cookies, servings/wk
 <0.5158306,0791.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
 1101161,9771.22 (0.95–1.57)1.26 (0.98–1.63)
 2–3158237,6231.26 (1.01–1.57)1.33 (1.06–1.67)
 >3312418,2541.28 (1.06–1.56)1.42 (1.15–1.75)
Sweets, serving/wk
 No279412,9321.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
 Yes (0.07)c450711,0021.05 (0.90–1.22)1.09 (0.93–1.27)
Soft drinks, servings/week
 No449686,9641.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
 Yes (0.07)c280436,9701.06 (0.91–1.23)1.02 (0.87–1.18)
Jam, marmalade, fruit soups, stewed fruit, servings/wk
 No210323,1701.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
 Yes (0.14)c494770,8900.95 (0.81–1.12)1.05 (0.89–1.24)
1997 dietd304
Total sucrose, g/d
 ≤152538,3011.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
 16–256289,5111.13 (0.71–1.82)1.51 (0.88–2.58)
 26–358396,3531.44 (0.91–2.28)1.76 (1.03–3.01)
 ≥36134155,5951.39 (0.90–2.16)1.73 (1.01–2.97)
Sweet buns and cookies, servings/wk
 <0.52839,7811.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
 14788,4450.80 (0.50–1.28)1.01 (0.59–1.72)
 2–34867,1551.04 (0.65–1.67)1.25 (0.73–2.15)
 >3181184,3781.35 (0.90–2.02)1.72 (1.06–2.78)
Sweets, servings/wk
 No117140,5951.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
 Yes (0.067)c187239,1651.09 (0.85–1.38)1.13 (0.88–1.45)
Soft drinks, servings/wk
 No163221,8781.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
 Yes (0.57)c141157,8811.22 (0.97–1.54)1.15 (0.91–1.46)
Jam, marmalade, fruit soups, stewed fruit, servings/wk
 No304379,7601.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
 Yes (0.28)c268334,1551.05 (0.74–1.49)1.22 (0.82–1.81)
  • aRate ratios from Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for age in months.

  • bRate ratios from Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for age in months, BMI (<20, 20–25, 26–30, >30 kg/m2), coffee (g/d, continuous), energy (kcal/d, continuous), diabetes (yes/no)

  • cMedian frequency per week in the “yes” category.

  • dMultivariable rate ratios also adjusted for history of smoking (never/ever/missing).