Table 1.

Demographic and smoking characteristics of parent–child dyads (N = 79)

CharacteristicN (%)Mean ± SD or geometric mean (95% CI)
Child age, y3.82 ± 2.55
Child gender
 Female40 (50.6)
 Male39 (49.4)
Parent race
 African American44 (55.7)
 White16 (20.3)
 Other19 (24.0)
Income
 <$1,800/mo60 (76.0)
 ≥$1,800/mo19 (24.0)
Education
 <12 grades21 (26.6)
 ≥12 grades58 (73.4)
Employment status
 Not employed53 (67.2)
 Full or part time employed26 (32.9)
Housing type
 Townhouse or duplex47 (59.5)
 Single family house32 (40.5)
Number of children under 18 in home2.44 ± 1.63
Minutes to first cigarette
 0–3051 (64.6)
 31+28 (35.4)
Parent CO, ppm10.2 (8.7–11.9)
PM2.5, home air quality, mg/m351.4 (39.5–66.9)
Cigarettes per day (last 7 days)9.5 ± 5.3
Number of smokers living in home1.9 ± 0.96
Number of cigarettes smoked in home per day6.9 ± 7.2
Number of cigarettes smoked in car per day4.3 ± 3.4
Time spent per day with child, h15.6 ± 7.5
Child exposed to SHS in home past week57 (72.3)
Child exposed to SHS outside home past week38 (48.7)
Home smoking restrictions
 Complete restrictions17 (21.5)
 Some restrictions39 (49.4)
 No restrictions23 (29.1)
Car smoking restrictions
 Complete restrictions10 (12.7)
 Some restrictions15 (19.0)
 No restrictions13 (16.5)
 Do not own a car41 (51.9)