Table 5.

General linear analysis of the factors associated with the knowledge and belief scores about smoking and cancer by country, weighted

VariableOverall (n = 3,788)France (n = 846)Ireland (n = 728)Italy (n = 712)Czech Republic (n = 738)Sweden (n = 764)
Parameter estimatePParameter estimatePParameter estimatePParameter estimatePParameter estimatePParameter estimateP
Intercept15.194<0.000112.561<0.000115.679<0.000115.457<0.000114.864<0.000115.695<0.0001
Age*−0.0050.1120.0190.023−0.0160.053−0.0100.127−0.0070.236−0.0060.297
Smoke status
    Never smokers0.0000.0000.0000.0000.0000.000
    Former smokers0.0220.813−0.2160.3510.0790.726−0.1520.482−0.3020.1510.1810.305
    Current smokers−0.997<0.0001−0.972<0.0001−0.7940.001−1.565<0.0001−1.018<0.0001−0.6390.004
Education
    <Secondary school0.0000.0000.0000.0000.0000.000
    Secondary school0.1010.4580.5320.2190.1270.702−0.0370.8880.6700.0450.2280.419
    University/postgraduate0.1820.1930.6680.1160.6270.096−0.0250.9290.8300.0170.5390.048
Marital status
    Married0.0000.0000.0000.0000.0000.000
    Divorced/separated0.1740.1270.3540.114−0.1180.7400.0030.993−0.0170.9340.2070.377
    Widowed0.1410.3070.0970.8320.1720.599−0.2060.5460.1820.427−0.3470.274
    Never married−0.0950.3810.1320.680−0.5310.031−0.2620.244−0.1560.493−0.4640.051
    Unmarried couple0.0620.6320.0670.782−0.5080.3190.5020.324−0.5770.471−0.0770.697
Income
    Well below the median−0.2860.0590.2150.5340.0100.981−0.3080.294−0.2580.402−0.5810.147
    Below the median−0.1520.1490.3810.103−0.0760.779−0.1880.426−0.4110.045−0.1660.490
    Around the median0.0000.0000.0000.0000.0000.000
    Above the median0.3760.0010.5380.0340.0070.980−0.1230.725−0.0770.7280.3760.068
    Refused to answer−0.1410.2030.5360.032−0.0750.814−0.2860.269−0.5510.011−0.0900.681
Occupation
    Highest skilled jobs0.0000.0000.0000.0000.0000.000
    Technical position−0.1610.3960.2630.612−0.6240.103−0.4360.579−0.0180.970−0.2550.416
    Skilled workers−0.1500.103−0.3850.134−0.3940.1330.0420.8430.0300.853−0.1040.581
    Unskilled workers−1.011<0.0001−0.5980.022−0.4280.407−0.6910.289−0.0480.885−0.7660.040
    Homemakers−0.511<0.0001−0.4250.169−0.5810.042−0.2230.435−0.2580.437−0.6460.179
Friends/family smoke
    None0.0000.0000.0000.0000.0000.000
    Few−0.0880.372−0.1250.5950.0460.8630.0440.8540.2090.328−0.2500.145
    Less than half−0.3750.008−0.3440.262−0.1360.715−0.3160.342−0.0620.828−0.3060.303
    About half or more−0.733<0.0001−0.6290.021−0.3080.386−0.0460.870−0.5660.032−1.0570.002
Parents smoke
    No0.0000.0000.0000.0000.0000.000
    Yes−0.0390.611−0.0300.8640.0530.792−0.1210.499−0.0710.639−0.0480.758
  • *Age was fixed in the model as a continuous variable.

  • Occupation variable did not include full-time students group because of the small number.