Table 3.

Prevalence and OR (and 95% CI) for the associations between phenotypic skin cancer risk factors and skin cancer prevention behaviors among males, Washington County, Maryland, 2007

Phenotypic factorRegular sunscreen useRegular sun-protective clothing use
%OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)*OR (95% CI)*,%OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)*OR (95% CI)*,
Skin reaction to sunlight
    Blistering sunburn23.97.71 (3.88-15.30)6.04 (2.82-12.95)4.85 (2.56-9.21)48.64.09 (2.55-6.58)2.87 (1.71-4.80)2.44 (1.59-3.73)
    Sunburn without blisters22.56.95 (4.09-11.81)5.73 (3.21-10.23)4.23 (2.61-6.86)36.62.50 (1.87-3.36)2.00 (1.46-2.75)1.75 (1.34-2.29)
    Mild sunburn that becomes a tan10.12.44 (1.43-4.18)2.35 (1.32-4.19)2.25 (1.40-3.64)22.11.24 (0.93-1.65)1.18 (0.88-1.59)1.14 (0.88-1.47)
    Tan or darken with no sunburn4.31.0 (referent)1.0 (referent)1.0 (referent)20.01.0 (referent)1.0 (referent)1.0 (referent)
    No change in skin color11.32.81 (0.98-8.04)2.61 (0.81-8.45)2.27 (0.83-6.19)20.81.15 (0.55-2.41)0.67 (0.28-1.59)0.94 (0.49-1.80)
Complexion
    Very fair40.813.25 (5.91-29.7)11.06 (4.64-26.35)8.67 (4.11-18.31)36.72.55 (1.27-5.10)2.20 (1.06-4.55)2.27 (1.24-4.14)
    Fair20.13.99 (2.21-7.21)3.04 (1.62-5.70)2.92 (1.71-4.97)36.62.83 (1.95-4.10)2.36 (1.59-3.48)1.97 (1.42-2.71)
    Medium10.82.03 (1.13-3.66)1.78 (0.96-3.30)1.79 (1.06-3.04)24.11.50 (1.05-2.15)1.38 (0.95-2.01)1.29 (0.95-1.77)
    Light brown7.51.26 (0.56-2.83)1.03 (0.43-2.48)1.18 (0.57-2.44)18.40.98 (0.59-1.65)1.02 (0.60-1.75)1.06 (0.67-1.65)
    Medium/dark brown6.01.0 (referent)1.0 (referent)1.0 (referent)18.61.0 (referent)1.0 (referent)1.0 (referent)
Facial freckling
    None11.61.0 (referent)1.0 (referent)1.0 (referent)26.01.0 (referent)1.0 (referent)1.0 (referent)
    Small amount16.61.55 (1.20-2.00)1.32 (1.00-1.74)1.42 (1.12-1.80)29.01.17 (0.96-1.43)1.17 (0.94-1.45)1.21 (1.01-1.46)
    Large amount/almost all22.22.17 (1.13-4.18)1.38 (0.69-2.76)1.21 (0.64-2.26)30.21.15 (0.64-2.07)1.00 (0.54-1.85)1.04 (0.67-1.59)
Eye color
    Blue or green15.31.38 (1.09-1.75)1.27 (0.98-1.63)1.25 (1.01-1.56)27.51.11 (0.92-1.32)1.03 (0.85-1.24)0.96 (0.81-1.13)
    Other color11.51.0 (referent)1.0 (referent)1.0 (referent)26.51.0 (referent)1.0 (referent)1.0 (referent)
  • *OR with 95% CI. Adjusted for age, years of education, race, smoking, BMI, days of exposure, history of blistering sunburns, hours of midday exposure, and personal and family history of skin cancer.

  • Multiple imputations used to estimate missing data values.

  • P for trend <0.05.