Table 1.

Demographic and baseline psychosocial characteristics of Korean women aged 19 y and older who enrolled in the study between August and October 2004

VariablesIntervention (n = 52)Control (n = 50)
Sociodemographic
    Mean age (SD)50.92 (11.70)60.20 (11.41)
    Marital status
        Married/living as married88.5% (46)56.0% (28)
        Divorced/widowed/single11.5% (6)44.0% (22)
    Education (y)
        <1115.3% (8)36.0% (18)
        12 (high school)46.2% (24)18.0% (9)
        12+ (college/postgraduate)36.5% (19)44.0% (22)
    Years in the United States (SD, range)15.63 (8.63, 1-32)17.29 (9.12, 1-33)
    English-speaking proficiency
        Speaks English very fluently1.9% (1)4.0% (2)
        Speaks English fairly fluently48.1% (25)30.0% (15)
        Speaks English poorly/not at all50.0% (26)64.0% (32)
    English-reading proficiency
        Reads English very fluently3.8% (2)6.0% (3)
        Reads English fairly fluently53.8% (28)38.0% (19)
        Reads English poorly/not at all42.3% (22)54.0% (27)
    Have regular doctor
        Yes59.6% (31)80.0% (40)
        No40.4% (21)20.0% (10)
    Have medical insurance
        Yes44.2% (23)76.0% (38)
        No55.8% (29)24.0% (12)
    Had Pap test in the past 12 months
        Yes11.5% (6)22.0% (11)
        No88.5% (46)78.0% (39)
    Had Pap test in the past 3 years
        Yes38.5% (20)40.0% (20)
        No61.5% (32)60.0% (30)
Perceived risk (% high/very high)
    My chance of developing cervical cancer7.7% (4)10.0% (5)
    Perceived severity (% agree/strongly agree)
    Cervical cancer is a treatable disease76.9% (40)74.0% (37)
    Whole life would change if I had cervical cancer46.2% (24)56.0% (28)
Benefits (% agree/strongly agree)
    Treatment may not be as bad if detected early84.6% (44)86.0% (43)
    Having a Pap test is the best way to detect cervical cancer86.5% (45)92.0% (46)
    Pap test will decrease chances of dying from cervical cancer90.4% (47)94.0% (47)
    Pap can detect cervical cancers that cannot be seen in an exam90.4% (47)90.0% (45)
    Relief from worry about cervical cancer59.6% (31)54.0% (27)
Barriers (% agree/strongly agree)
    Having a Pap test will be painful and unpleasant21.2% (11)26.0% (13)
    I do not know where to go to get a Pap test36.5% (19)34.0% (17)
    Uncomfortable with having a stranger perform Pap test30.8% (16)32.0% (16)
    Having a Pap test will take too much time23.1% (12)22.0% (11)
    Having a Pap test will cost too much money34.6% (18)22.0% (11)
Self-efficacy (% agree/strongly agree)
    I feel capable of arranging to have a Pap test59.6% (31)52.0% (26)
    I am confident about my abilities to get a Pap test44.2% (23)50.0% (25)
    I know that I will do whatever it takes to get my Pap test46.2% (24)62.0% (31)