Table 2.

Sun exposure in adulthood and risk of nonfatal and fatal prostate cancer

Nonfatal and fatal cases
Nonfatal cases
Fatal cases
nPerson-yearsRR (95% CI)*nRR (95% CI)*nRR (95% CI)*
Physician-assessed sun exposure
    Unimpressive4414,7981.0271.0171.0
    Moderate6321,6100.85 (0.58-1.25)390.87 (0.54-1.43)240.81 (0.44-1.51)
    Considerable5315,5980.78 (0.52-1.17)350.89 (0.53-1.47)180.62 (0.32-1.20)
Physician-assessed skin damage induced by sun exposure
    None3522,4611.0251.0101.0
    Minimal4813,6251.18 (0.76-1.84)281.07 (0.62-1.86)201.42 (0.66-3.04)
    Moderate to severe7816,3871.13 (0.75-1.71)491.16 (0.70-1.94)291.13 (0.55-2.34)
Self-reported recreational sun exposure
    Never or rare184,4531.081.0101.0
    Occasional3215,4530.79 (0.44-1.40)231.19 (0.53-2.66)90.45 (0.18-1.12)
    Frequent10240,0270.92 (0.55-1.52)771.46 (0.70-3.02)250.47 (0.23-0.99)
Self-reported occupational sun exposure
    Never or rare4218,8031.0291.0131.0
    Occasional2512,3770.93 (0.57-1.53)180.95 (0.53-1.71)70.88 (0.35-2.21)
    Frequent8628,7501.05 (0.73-1.52)621.11 (0.72-1.73)240.89 (0.45-1.74)
Self-reported occupational or recreational sun exposure
    Both never, rare or occasional3514,2461.0211.0141.0
    One frequent4722,5740.80 (0.52-1.24)361.02 (0.60-1.75)110.46 (0.21-1.02)
    Both frequent7023,0581.05 (0.70-1.58)511.28 (0.77-2.13)190.70 (0.35-1.40)
  • * Adjusted for age (continuous).