Table 3.

Multivariate logistic models of associations between fatalistic beliefs about cancer prevention and prevention behaviors, HINTS 2003

Prevention behaviorsExercise weekly, OR (95% CI)Nonsmoker, OR (95% CI)Eat five servings, OR (95% CI)
It seems like almost everything causes cancer0.92* (0.80-1.06)0.67 (0.55-0.82)0.80 (0.66-0.97)
There's not much a person can do to lower their chances of getting cancer0.71 (0.59-0.85)0.96 (0.79-1.18)0.79* (0.61-1.01)
There are so many recommendations…it's hard to know which ones to follow0.91* (0.79-1.05)0.79 (0.65-0.96)0.84* (0.69-1.02)
Number of observations5,9706,0455,946
  • NOTE: Cells contain adjusted odds ratio estimates and 95% confidence intervals for associations between each belief and each outcome using jackknife variance estimation techniques to calculate SEs and 95% confidence intervals. Odds ratios were adjusted for potential confounders (including age, gender, race/ethnicity, household income, education, employment status, marital status, health insurance status, and family cancer history) that were correlated with the prevention behavior in bivariate models at P < 0.25.

    Abbreviations: OR, odds ratio; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval.

  • * Denotes that variables that were statistically significant correlates with the behavior (P < 0.05) in “independent” models but became nonsignificant when all three belief items were considered in the same “comprehensive” model.

  • Denotes odds ratios significantly different from one at P < 0.001 in “comprehensive” models.

  • Denotes odds ratios significantly different from one at P < 0.05 in “comprehensive” models.