Table 2.

Multivariate logistic regression models of associations between sociodemographic characteristics and fatalistic beliefs about cancer prevention, HINTS 2003

“It seems like everything causes cancer,” OR (95% CI)“There's not much a person can do…,” OR (95% CI)“…It's hard to know which ones to follow,” OR (95% CI)
Age0.98* (0.98-0.99)1.01* (1.00-1.01)1.00 (1.00-1.01)
Female (versus male)1.54* (1.36-1.73)1.02 (0.88-1.19)1.12 (0.97-1.28)
Race/ethnicity
    Non-Hispanic WhiteComparison groupComparison groupComparison group
    Non-Hispanic African American0.79 (0.63-0.99)1.03 (0.74-1.43)0.81 (0.64-1.02)
    Hispanic, English speaking0.71 (0.55-0.92)1.11 (0.85-1.45)0.66 (0.51-0.86)
    Hispanic, Spanish speaking1.04 (0.72-1.49)2.00* (1.49-2.69)0.86 (0.61-1.19)
    Other race/ethnicity0.81 (0.59-1.11)1.20 (0.85-1.70)1.15 (0.84-1.58)
Income
    Income not reported1.03 (0.72-1.48)1.27 (0.88-1.84)0.81 (0.58-1.14)
    Income <$25,000 per year1.08 (0.78-1.49)1.26 (0.93-1.70)0.91 (0.70-1.20)
    Income $25,000-$49,9991.19 (0.97-1.37)1.25 (0.99-1.56)1.04 (0.83-1.29)
    Income $50,000-$74,9991.23 (0.97-1.56)1.03 (0.77-1.37)0.90 (0.71-1.14)
    Income >$75,000Comparison groupComparison groupComparison group
Education
    Education > HS1.37 (1.05-1.79)2.12* (1.64-2.74)1.13 (0.82-1.55)
    Education HS degree1.78* (1.46-2.18)1.94* (1.57-2.40)1.46* (1.19-1.78)
    Education some college1.36 (1.12-1.65)1.28* (1.03-1.59)1.39(1.14-1.68)
    Education completed collegeComparison groupComparison groupComparison group
Employed (versus out of work, homemaker, student, retired, or unable to work)1.09 (0.93-1.27)1.01 (0.82-1.24)1.02 (0.87-1.20)
Married or living as married (versus divorced, widowed, separated, or never married)1.26(1.10-1.45)0.88 (0.76-1.02)1.23 (1.06-1.43)
Has health insurance (versus no health insurance)1.15 (0.90-1.46)0.86 (0.64-1.14)0.97 (0.79-1.19)
Family member had cancer (versus no family member had cancer)1.26(1.10-1.44)1.03 (0.91-1.16)1.13 (0.97-1.31)
Number of observations5,9535,9535,959
  • NOTE: Cells contain odds ratio estimates and 95% confidence intervals for associations between each variable and the odds of respondents agreeing or strongly agreeing with each fatalistic belief about cancer prevention using jackknife variance estimation techniques to calculate SEs and 95% confidence intervals.

    Abbreviations: OR, odds ratio; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval; HS, high school.

  • * Denotes P < 0.001.

  • Denotes odds ratios significantly different from one at P < 0.05.

  • Denotes P < 0.01.