Table 1.

Age-standardized baseline characteristics of 36,616 women and 45,306 men according to total fruit and vegetable consumption

CharacteristicsTotal fruit and vegetable consumption (servings/d)
<2.52.5-3.94.0-5.4≥5.5
Women
    Age (y)64.662.661.360.5
    Postsecondary education (%)9.514.619.924.2
    Current smoker (%)30.722.117.814.5
    Body mass index (kg/m2)25.225.124.925.0
    Exercise (h/wk)1.92.12.32.5
    History of diabetes (%)3.73.43.73.9
    Regular multivitamin use (%)14.416.219.225.4
    Alcohol consumption (g/d)2.73.54.04.2
Men
    Age (y)61.459.859.760.1
    Postsecondary education (%)9.415.319.723.9
    Current smoker (%)26.317.314.211.7
    Body mass index (kg/m2)26.125.725.625.6
    Exercise (h/wk)2.12.42.62.8
    History of diabetes (%)5.86.06.16.3
    Regular multivitamin use (%)6.48.611.915.5
    Alcohol consumption (g/d)8.910.211.011.3
  • NOTE: Fruits include apples, pears, bananas, oranges, grapefruit, orange/grapefruit juice, berries, and other fruits. Vegetables include spinach, iceberg lettuce, leafy salad, tomato, tomato juice, carrots, beets, cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, kale, pepper, green peas, onion, leek, garlic, and mixed vegetables.