Table 1

Distribution of 791 invasive cervical cancer cases and 916 controls according to alcohol drinking, and corresponding ORs and 95% CIs in Italy, 1981–1993

Cases/ControlsOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)b
Total alcohol
 Nondrinkers282/3771c1c
 Drinkers509/5391.25 (1.02–1.53)1.23 (0.99–1.53)
  Occasional130/1561.17 (0.88–1.56)1.21 (0.88–1.65)
  Regular379/3831.28 (1.04–1.59)1.24 (0.98–1.56)
 χ2 trend5.17 (p = 0.023)3.24 (p = 0.072)
Wine only
 Drinkers411/4551.20 (0.97–1.47)1.21 (0.96–1.51)
  Occasional80/1001.15 (0.82–1.61)1.24 (0.86–1.79)
  Regular331/3551.20 (0.97–1.50)1.19 (0.94–1.51)
 χ2 trend2.74 (p = 0.098)2.08 (p = 0.149)
Wine and other alcohol beverages
 Drinkers83/581.91 (1.31–2.80)1.70 (1.11–2.59)
  Occasional37/361.42 (0.87–2.34)1.40 (0.81–2.42)
  Regular46/222.68 (1.56–4.61)2.13 (1.17–3.87)
 χ2 trend13.73 (p = 0.0002)7.01 (p = 0.008)
  • a Estimated from unconditional multiple logistic regression including terms for age and year of interview.

  • b Estimated from unconditional multiple logistic regression including terms for age, year of interview, education, cervical screening history, smoking habit, menopausal status, number of partners, parity, oral contraceptive use, and menopause hormone replacement therapy use.

  • c Reference category.