Table 4

Pearson partial correlation coefficients between nutrients and hormonesa

NutrientIGF-IIGFBP-1IGFBP-2IGFBP-3C-peptideSHBG
Energy0.05−0.110.04−0.02−0.01−0.08
Total protein0.080.07−0.100.06−0.070.03
 Animal proteinb0.18c−0.14−0.15c−0.010.05−0.03
 Soya protein−0.040.030.100.04−0.050.04
 Animal plus soya protein0.27d−0.07−0.150.100.00−0.04
 Nonsoya plant protein−0.17c0.20c0.20d−0.04−0.050.06
Carbohydrate0.050.160.040.050.08−0.02
Total fat−0.03−0.14−0.02−0.04−0.02−0.01
Saturated fatty acids0.14−0.22d−0.150.020.05−0.06
Monounsaturated fatty acids−0.05−0.14−0.05−0.03−0.05−0.01
Polyunsaturated fatty acids−0.08−0.040.070.00−0.03−0.01
Alcohol0.01−0.04−0.010.03−0.020.06
P:S ratio−0.150.130.15−0.04−0.090.03
Cholesterol0.15−0.13−0.14−0.030.02−0.03
Starch−0.050.130.07−0.02−0.040.01
Total sugars0.150.08−0.040.050.13−0.04
Non-starch polysaccharides−0.17c0.21d0.20d−0.11−0.100.09
Zince−0.040.20d−0.050.04−0.020.09
  • a Values are adjusted for age (10 categories), BMI (4 categories), assay batch (4 categories), time of day at venipuncture (4 categories), time since last meal at venipuncture (4 categories), days between venipuncture and processing (4 categories), and (ln)total energy.

  • b Animal protein is protein derived from meat, fish, dairy, egg, and mixed animal and plant protein sources.

  • c P ≤ 0.01.

  • d P ≤ 0.001.

  • e Includes intake from supplements.