Table 2

Fish consumption and the risk of papillary thyroid cancer among participants in the Bay Area Thyroid Cancer Study

Type of fish (g/d)CasesControlsORa95% CI
Shellfish
 <1.01361221.0
 1.0–3.595980.880.61–1.3
 3.6–7.51652020.720.52–1.0
 >7.51311220.930.64–1.3
Saltwater fish
 <1.01301291.0
 1.0–3.51261221.00.73–1.5
 3.6–7.584940.920.62–1.4
 >7.51871990.960.69–1.3
Fresh-water fish
 <1.03283201.0
 1.0–3.5811100.710.51–1.0
 3.6–7.539470.800.49–1.3
 >7.579671.10.74–1.7
Canned tunab
 <1.01451771.0
 1.0–3.587851.30.88–1.8
 3.6–7.598841.51.0–2.1
 >7.51971981.20.90–1.7
Total fish consumptionc
 <7.81091101.0
 7.8–16.01041080.970.66–1.4
 16.1–30.2991090.940.64–1.4
 30.3–51.8941090.870.59–1.3
 >51.81211081.10.74–1.6
Fish sauce/dried or salted fishd
 None45631.0
 <0.350531.30.77–2.3
 0.3–2.027351.10.57–2.0
 >2.061372.31.3–4.0
  • a Adjusted for age, race/ethnicity, and daily caloric intake.

  • b Includes dishes made with canned tuna, e.g., tuna fish sandwiches and tuna casserole.

  • c Defined as the sum of daily consumption of shellfish, saltwater fish, fresh water fish, and canned tuna.

  • d Among Asian women only.