Table 1

General clinical and dietary data during the preliminary (Usual) and the experimental (Exp) periods of the study

MenWomen
No. of subjects3333
Age (yr)40.5 ± 1.2a38.4 ± 1.3
Body weight (kg)79.4 ± 1.561.2 ± 1.6b
BMI24.5 ± 0.322.0 ± 0.5b
Caloric intake (KCal/day)
 Usual2074 ± 1101522 ± 82b
 Exp2908 ± 45c2096 ± 33b,c
Fat intake (g/day)
 Usual79.0 ± 6.457.4 ± 3.5b
 Exp116.6 ± 1.7c86.4 ± 1.3b,c
Folate (μg/day)
 Usual392 ± 42358 ± 34
 Exp325 ± 7227 ± 4b,c
Vitamin B6 (mg/day)
 Usual2.19 ± 0.191.92 ± 0.18
 Exp2.13 ± 0.021.60 ± 0.02b
  • a Mean ± SE.

  • b Significantly different from the corresponding value in men (P < 0.05).

  • c Significantly different from the corresponding value during the Usual period (P < 0.05).