Table 3

Random-effects pooled summaries for all meat and red meat stratified by study-level covariates

ExposurePooled summary statistic (Odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals)Residual heterogeneity
OutcomePτ2
IncidenceMortality
All meat/100 g/day1.21 (1.10 to 1.33)1.07 (0.98 to 1.16)0.060
Red meat/100 g/day1.30 (1.13 to 1.49)1.07 (0.98 to 1.16)0.020
Adjusted for total energy intake
YesNo
Red meat/100 g/day1.27 (1.13 to 1.46)1.07 (0.98 to 1.17)0.020
Validation of dietary assessment
YesNo
Red meat/100 g/day1.29 (1.12 to 1.49)1.07 (0.98 to 1.17)0.030