Table 3

Mean values of hormonal variables in intervention and control women before and after dietary intervention

nGeometric mean% changePpa
JanuaryJune
SHBGb (nmol/liter)
Intervention5036.0345.1025.2
Control4936.3237.613.60.00010.28
Testosterone (ng/ml)
Intervention500.410.33−19.5
Control490.420.39−7.10.00380.30
Estradiol (pg/ml)
Intervention508.627.07−18.0
Control498.307.84−5.50.12930.85
Fasting insulin (μIU/ml)
Intervention484.824.31−10.6
Control474.634.875.20.14410.72
Insulin area (μIU/ml× 180 min)
Intervention4773006740−7.7
Control43687975259.40.04040.66
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)
Intervention5091.6686.47−5.7
Control4993.5592.44−1.20.02600.05
Glycemic area (mg/dl× 180 min)
Intervention4720000209684.8
Control4320291214745.80.84650.24
  • a Value after additional adjustment for effects related to weight change.

  • b SHBG, sex hormone-binding globulin.