Table 6.

Risk of cervical cancer according to the smoking status of husbands and wives among couples with monogamous women

Cases/controlsORa (95% CI)
Both nonsmokers112/1671.00
Female nonsmoker/male ever smoker245/2401.23 (0.85–1.77)
Female ever smoker/male nonsmoker30/271.63 (0.83–3.22)
Both ever smokers104/572.26 (1.40–3.64)
P trend0.001

aModel was adjusted for age of the husband and wife, study country, level of education of the husband and wife, lifetime number of sexual partners of the husband, history of STIs, age at first sexual intercourse of the wife, oral contraceptive use, parity, and pap smear history 12 months.