The global burden of cancer in women has recently received much attention, but there are few comprehensive reviews of the burden and policy approaches to reduce it. This paper, second in series of two, summarizes the most important cancer control priorities with specific examples of proven interventions, with a particular focus on primary prevention in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). There are a number of effective cancer control measures available to countries of all resource levels. Many of these measures are extremely cost-effective, especially in the case of tobacco control and vaccination. Countries must prioritize efforts to reduce known cancer risk factors and make prevention accessible to all. Effective treatments and palliative care are also needed for those who develop cancer. Given scarce resources, this may seem infeasible in many LMICs, but past experience with other diseases like HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria have shown that it is possible to make affordable care accessible to all. Expansion of population-based cancer registries and research in LMICs are needed for setting cancer control priorities and for determining the most effective interventions. For LMICs, all of these activities require support and commitment from the global community.
- Received October 31, 2016.
- Accepted November 8, 2016.
- Copyright ©2017, American Association for Cancer Research.